Did the Jesus Christ actually born on 25th December, the Christmas day ?
The biblical evidence and logical arguments prove otherwise. According to Luke 2:7 - 8, shepherds were in the field looking after their flocks at the time the Jesus Christ was born. Shepherds don't go out during the Winter, specially in December.
In fact December 25th was celebrated then as the birthday of the sun. It was already a pagan religious celebration popular in the region. Various early christian teachers have suggested Jesus must have most probably be born in March or August or September, but never in December. ((Jeffery Sheler, U.S. News & World Report, “In Search of Christmas,” Dec. 23, 1996, p. 58).
Thorough analysis of biblical scriptures however suggest that December 25th is the most unlikely date to be as Christ's birthday. Two strong reasons for that is,
1) Luke 2:7 - 8, Shepherds were in the field watching flocks when the Jesus was born.
This is an early proof that Jesus must have born in Summer or early fall not in December because it was very cold and rainy in Judea for Shepherds to be in the out. Therefore Shepherds can no way be looking for shelter for their flocks at night. (Page.309)
2) Jesus's parents came to Bethlehem to register under Roman Census. Luke 2:1-4
These census were never taken in December or winter for that matter. It would have been too stupid and challenging, possibly impossible to do a census in December.
If Jesus was not born in 25th December, does the bible indicate when Jesus was actually born ?
Elizabeth, John’s mother was 6 month pregnant when Jesus was conceived as per Luke 1:24-36. Therefore, we can safely say if we know when John was born, that would also suggest when Jesus was born too. John’s father, Zacharias, a priest serving in the Jerusalem temple during the course of Abijah (Luke 1:5). This course of service corresponded to June 13-19 in that year ( The Companion Bible, 1974, Appendix 179, p. 200).
While conducting temple service, Zacharias got the news that Elizabeth bear a child (Luke 1:8-13). Upon completion of service he traveled home, Elizabeth conceived (Luke 1:23-24). Assuming based on the facts if John’s conception took place near the end of June, after nine months would mean end of March as the most likely time for John’s birth. We should therefore add 6 months more to assume when the Jesus must have actually born. (the age difference of the two, John and Jesus) That would be End of September that the most likeliest time of the year that the Jesus would have born therefore.
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